Ethyl alcohol, or ethanol, is an intoxicating ingredient found in beer, wine, and liquor. Alcohol is produced by the fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches. It is a central nervous system depressant that is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the bloodstream. A standard drink equals 0.6 ounces of pure ethanol, or 12 ounces of beer; 8 ounces of malt liquor; 5 ounces of wine; or 1.5 ounces (a “shot”) of 80-proof distilled spirits or liquor (e.g., gin, rum, vodka, or whiskey).
NIDA: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Alcohol & Health (NIAAA)
Research-based information on drinking and its impact.
Rethinking Drinking: Alcohol and Your Health (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism)
Overview of Alcohol Consumption (NIAAA)
Harmful Interactions: Mixing Alcohol with Medicines (NIAAA-2007)
Alcohol and Tobacco (NIAAA-2007)
Alcohol and Other Drugs (NIAAA-2008)
The Human and Economic Cost of Alcohol Use in Minnesota (Dept. of Health-2011)
Fact Sheets: Binge Drinking (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-2014)
Alcohol Use and Binge Drinking Among Women of Childbearing Age – United States, 2006-2010 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-2012)
Vital Signs: Binge Drinking Among Women and High School Girls – United States, 2011 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-2013)
Adolescent Use/Underage Drinking
A Developmental Perspective on Underage Alcohol Use (NIAAA-2009)
Talk. They Hear You. (SAMHSA)
Parenting to Prevent Childhood Alcohol Use (NIH-2013)
Families with Teens (University of Minnesota Extension-2014)
Resources to help school personnel, counselors, social workers, faith-based staff, parent educators, public health staff, and others work with teens and their families.
Young Adult Drinking/College-age Drinking
College AIM: Alcohol Intervention Matrix (NIH-2015)
Focus on Young Adult Drinking (Alcohol Research & Health-2004/5)
College Drinking (NIAAA-2012)
Older Adults (NIAAA)
Parents – Families with Teens (University of Minnesota Extension)
Resources for use by parents related to alcohol use and young people.
Make a Difference: Talk to Your Child about Alcohol (NIAAA-2009)
Parenting to Prevent Childhood Alcohol Use (NIAAA-2010)
Diversity & Health Disparities (NIAAA)
Alcohol and the Hispanic Community (NIAAA-2011)
Women and Alcohol (NIAAA-2011)